Who is The
Lord God the Almighty
In Hebrew, Lord God the Almighty is Yahweh Elohim Shadday.
In Greek, it is Kurios, Theos Pantokrator.
Are they one and the same?
Kurios is the Greek word used for Lord and Yahweh. It is used by the Sept. which is the OT translation of Hebrew into Greek which was around before the birth of Jesus Christ. It is also the Greek N.T. representative of the Hebrew word Jehovah (Yahweh) see Matt. 4 v 7, James 5 v 11. It is also used for the Hebrew word Adonay (Matthew 1 v 22) which is a title of Yahweh, and in 1 Peter 1 v 25 it is used for Elohim.
Lord (Kurios) was the title for Jesus Christ in the N.T.
The N.T. says that there is only one Lord (Ephesians 4 v 5) yet it talks about the Lord God and the
Lord Jesus Christ.
God is the Lord and if we can say “Jesus is Lord” we are recognising Jesus is God.
In the N.T. Lord (Kurios) is continually used when quoting the Name Yahweh in the O.T.
In Hebrew, Elohim (plural).
In Greek, Theos.
In the Sept. (Greek O.T.) the Greek word Theos is mostly used to translate the Hebrew word Elohim.
When the N.T. is quoting the O.T. word Elohim, it uses the word Theos.
Jesus Himself is quoted using the Greek Theos for the Hebrew Elohim (Mark 12 v 29, Deut. 6 v 4).
Stephen D. Renn says, concerning Elohim being plural, “God is not only “One” in an absolute sense, but also contains “within Himself,” so to speak, a plurality of characteristics and personhood” (Expository Dictionary of Bible Words). This is a good description of the Godhead. The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology says, “Elohim though plural in form, is seldom used in the OT to mean ‘gods.’ In Israel the plural is understood as the plural of fullness”.
So we can understand when the Bible says, “In Him (Christ) dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily” (Colossians 2 v 9). The fullness of Elohim, all the attributes and characteristics of God, are found in the person of Jesus Christ.
Some of these attributes are, Almighty, Love, Holiness, Righteousness, Justice, Merciful, Perfect, Good, Wise, Immortal, Blessed, Faithful, Truthful, Personal, Compassionate, Tender, Peace bringer, Wonderful, Father, Son, All Powerful, Full of Humility, A Sacrificial Lamb, Glorious, Patient, Giver of Hope, Full of Grace and Truth, Ever Present.
These attributes are revealed to us through the Father, Son and Spirit relationship of the One God. Without revealing Himself as a Father and Son, we could never fully know the love God has for us. We could never know that God in His nature was humble and submissive. How could we know how much He cared for us except by the giving of the Son He loved to suffer and die for us. How can we understand that this God who dwells in unapproachable light also wants to dwell in us, except by knowing He is a Spirit who is everywhere at once. This One God has revealed Himself to us in the offices of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Thomas realised the truth of this when he cried out to Christ, “My Lord (Kurios) and my God (Theos)” (John 20 v 28). Paul calls Jesus Christ, “Our great God (Theos) and Saviour Jesus Christ who gave Himself for us” (Titus 2 v 13-14). Also the Bible tells us that, “God (Theos) was manifest in the flesh” (1 Timothy 3 v 16). Acts 20 v 28 tells us that God shed His blood for us and 1 John 3 v 16 says that God laid down His life for us.
Why do we use the term, “the Triune God”?
Triune means three in one.
The Father is God, I don’t think anyone would argue with that. The Father was there in the beginning before the angels were created and before the earth and universe were created.
The Apostle John also tells us that in the beginning the Word was with God and the Word was God. To be God, the Word would have to consist of the fullness of God. Everything that God the Father is must be also found in the Word (John 1 v 1). John goes on to say that everything that was made was made by Him (the Word) and without Him nothing was made that was made. In Fact Psalm 33 v 5-7 tells us that the Word created the heavens.
John goes on to tell us that the Word became flesh, the Only Begotten of the Father, and dwelt amongst us. This is of course the Lord Jesus Christ (John 1 v 14).
The Apostle Paul backs this up by saying that “God was manifested in the flesh”(1Timothy 3 v 16).
So we can see that Jesus was the Word of God who existed with the Father in the beginning.
The book of Revelation tells us that when Jesus returns His Name will be called, “The Word of God” (Revelation 19 v 13).
Jesus tells us that the Father is in Him and He is in the Father and they are One (John 14 v 10-11, John 10 v 30).
We now have two, so who makes three?
The Holy Spirit of course, who is called the Spirit of the Father and the Spirit of the Son.
Jesus said to His eleven disciples that He would always be with them even to the end of the world (Matthew 28 v 20). How could He be with all the disciples to the end of the age when He was going back to heaven to be with the Father, unless, of course, He is one with the Spirit as He is with the Father.
Even though they are three, they are also One, and even though they are One they are also three. Three different offices and three different roles with one objective, that man might be reconciled back to God. Jesus paying the price, humbling Himself, becoming man, and as the Son of Man being willing to be mocked and scoffed at, spat upon, beaten and killed, yet still forgiving those who did it. The Holy Spirit, the One who convicts, comforts, strengthens, guides, teaches, ministers to us through the gifts He has given us in order that we may be perfect and complete, holy and acceptable to God.
Pantokrator in the Greek
Shadday, Shaddai or Sadday in the Hebrew (This word is plural).
The original meaning of Shadday, the Hebrew word for Almighty, is not known. The meaning of the word as we understand it is derived from the Greek word “Pantokrator” which is used in the Sept. in place of Shadday.
This Greek word, Pantokrator, meaning almighty or all powerful is also used in the Sept. (Jer. 5 v 14, Amos 4 v 13) for the translation of the word “hosts” in the phrase” Lord God of Hosts”,
So Pantokrator is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew words “Almighty” and “of Hosts”.
The Almighty and Yahweh are the same person (Exodus 6 v 2-3).
Where “Lord God” is used in the O.T. it is “Yahweh Elohim”.
Where “Lord God” is used in the N.T. it is” Kurios Theos”. However the “Lord God” is quite obviously the same person in the Old and New Testaments, therefore Kurios Theos is the N.T. equivalent to the O.T. Yahweh Elohim.
God is the same He doesn’t change. Theos and Elohim of the NT and OT are the same.
In the book of Revelation where the phrase, “Lord God Almighty” is used (Kurios, Theos, Pantokrater) we know who it is.
The Almighty is the name of God (Elohim, plural) that Abraham knew.
Yahweh (Yod Heh Vav Heh in Hebrew and YHWH in English, the vowels are missing so we cannot be certain of the pronunciation) is the name that Moses and the Israelites knew God (Elohim) by. The Name possibly means, “I Am”, “I Am He, I change not, I Am the Same”, “He who is and ever will be”, “Being”, “To come”. Revelation 1 v 4 says, “Him which is, and which was, and which is to come”.
To the Christian God is our Heavenly Father.
The Son is called the Word of God. He is God in character and always has been God. He is said to be the “Same” (Hebrews 1 v 12), He never changes, which is a title of Yahweh Elohim (Deuteronomy 32 v 39, 2 Kings 19 v 15) the self-existent One who never changes. Jesus Christ is the Same, yesterday, today and forever (Hebrew 13 v 8).
The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God, the Spirit of the Father and the Spirit of the Son.
So, are there three Gods, two Gods or One God?
The Bible says there is One God and this One God is revealed to us by His Word which became flesh and dwelt amongst us.
God’s Name is Yahweh and it is the Son (The Word) who fulfils all that Yahweh is.
God is also our Father. It is the Son who is called the “Everlasting Father” that reveals the Father to us.
The Father is in Jesus and Jesus is in the Father. Jesus told Philip, “He that has seen me has seen the Father”. Jesus Christ is the mediator between God and man and everything that is God is only seen by looking at Jesus. Only Jesus has seen the Father because He is in the bosom of the Father. Yahweh of the O.T. is the Lord Jesus of the N.T. Jesus is the full expression of God to man. Only God can fully express God to man.
My conclusion is that the Lord God of the N.T. is the same Lord God (Yahweh Elohim) of the O.T. and the Almighty of the N.T. is the same Almighty (plural) of the O.T.
Mark Greenwood 3/10/12